From the analysis of the demographic composition, we can understand the population condition, make analysis of the nature and source of social problems, and observe the relationship between local people and social economy. The demographic composition is an important indicator of social and economic changes, and also the important references for the government making social welfare policies currently and in the future
1. Age Distribution
Generally, there are more people with work ability, the dependency ratio will be lower; more labor input in the production will be beneficial to the economic development. At the end of 2014, childhood population (age 0 -14) is 382,795, youth population( age 15-64 ) is 1,938,993, and aging population (age over 65) is 380527; the dependency ratio is 39.37％ which is 0.91% higher than those in 2013.
2. Marital Status
In 2014, there are 19,139 couples completed the marriage registration with the crude marriage rate of 7.10‰; 5,528 couples divorced with the crude divorce rate of 2.05‰. Comparing to 2013, the crude marriage rate has risen by 0.06‰ and the crude divorce rate fallen by 0.02‰.
3. Native Distribution
Indigenous people groups include Amis, Tayal, Payuan, Bunun, Rukai, Puyuma, Tsou, Saisiyat, Yami(Tao), Thao, Kebalan, Truku, Sakizaya, Seediq, Hlaalua and Kanakanavu. Until 2014, the indigenous population in Taipei City is 15,581, most of them from the Amis and Hlaalua and Kanakanavu with the lower population, and most of them living in Neihu, Wenshan and Nangang District which are in suburban area.
4. New migrants and foreign population
According to the statistics, the population of new migrants in Taipei City has been increasing gradually. In order to form a friendly environment for migrants and help them adapt marriage life as soon as possible, Taipei City government made a comprehensive measure to care and guide new migrants, issued the Taipei City New migrants caring and guiding measures and implement scheme and established the Advisory Council on new migrants caring and guiding measures. The Department of Civil Affairs, Taipei City has started living camps and various training courses for new migrants since 2000, until December, 334 courses have been offered and 10,733 people participated, held multicultural promotion activities, established 2 guide halls for new migrants in Wanhua and Nangang District of Taipei City, with 160,111 visitors until December 2014 according to the statistics; also established the local website for new migrants with 2,126,637 viewers until December 2014 according to the statistics. In addition, the project of Happy+ Deliver Lucky Bag to Home, which is held by village heads or secretaries paying a caring visit, has covered over 10,000 new migrant families until December 2014. It offered direct and warm supports to them, making Taipei City a migrant-friendly city containing diverse cultures. In order to highlight the values of new migrants learning together, mutual respecting and understanding each other’s cultures, the Department of Civil Affairs, Taipei City host the New migrants Courses and Graduation Ceremony to show results of new migrants courses since 2008; until 2014, it has been host for 7 years, with student members and their families of around 7,100; also made a planning of demonstrating neighborhood community and new migrants team spirits, hosting a multicultural fair for related activities, combining with local resources, content including fun races, exotic delicacies and achievement exhibition, formed Taipei City a new migrant-friendly city. Since 2007 to December 2014, there has been held 13 sessions with 20,200 person-times in total.